Revue de Qumrân 107, tome 28 (2016)
- Justin L. Pannkuk, "Are there למשכיל Sections in the Hodayot? Evidence from Cave 4," RdQ 28 (2016), 3-13.AbstractThis essay evaluates a proposal that one comes across in much of the secondary literature on the Hodayot: namely, that the collection of hymns preserved in 1QHa is comprised of smaller sets or groups that are each demarcated by a למשכיל heading. This proposal is examined in light of the comparative evidence for the arrangement of hymns in the Cave 4 manuscripts, especially 4QHa (4Q427) and 4QHe (4Q431). The analysis shows that the proposed למשכיל groups from 1QHa fail to obtain across the Cave 4 manuscripts, and it is suggested instead that the למשכיל incipits simply served as headings for the particular hymns with which they are paired.
- Dennis Mizzi, "On the Meaning/s of טמאת האדם in the Damascus Document: A Textual Excavation of CD XII, 15b–17a," RdQ 28 (2016), 15-44.AbstractFor a passage that comprises a mere two lines, CD XII, 15b–17a has generated a considerable amount of scholarly literature. Its text has been amended a number of times, and its history of interpretation is characterized by a fluctuation of ideas. Depending on how it is read, this passage could potentially shed light on issues such as corpse impurity, the (im)purity of materials, and terminology pertaining to ritual uncleanness in the Damascus Document and the wider movement in which it was read. This paper analyses in detail the philological, literary, and socio-cultural context of CD XII, 15b–17a, with a particular focus on the meaning/s of the designation טמאת האדם , which is the key to understanding this passage. The conclusion is that, most likely, טמאת האדם refers to ritual impurity in general and not specifically to corpse impurity, the latter being the interpretation of the majority of commentators. In the process, this analysis contributes, by way of a practical example, a conceptual framework pertinent to lexicographical work on the Dead Sea Scrolls and highlights the challenges we must deal with when we attempt to explicate the meaning of certain lexical items in the Scrolls.
- Émile Puech, "Les manuscrits de Qumrân inspirés du livre de Josué : 4Q378, 4Q379, 4Q175, 4Q522, 5Q9 et Mas1039-211," RdQ 28 (2016), 15-45.AbstractThe note proposes a new collation of the fragments of Hebrew manuscripts rewriting the Book of Joshua found at Qumran and Masada: 4Q378, 4Q379, 4Q175, 4Q522, 5Q9, and Mas1039-211. Their identification as copies of either the same original or different originals as well as the milieu of their author(s) depends mainly on their reading.
- Kengo Akiyama, "The gēr in the Damascus Document: A Rejoinder," RdQ 28 (2016), 117-126.AbstractThis article responds to the recent proposal that the גר in the Damascus Document is a legal-rhetorical fiction. After summarising the argument for the fictitious גר , the article identifies three underlying assumptions and evaluates them in the light of wider and more recent discussions in Qumranology. It is argued that the “synchronic” reading of the sectarian texts are problematic and that it falls prey to over-harmonisation of evidence. It would be better to interpret the diverging attitudes towards the גר in the Dead Sea Scrolls as emanating from different communities or time periods, especially in the light of the recent move towards positing multiple communities behind the Scrolls.
- Eric D. Reymond, "New Readings in Ben Sira 40:9-49:11 Ms B (MS.Heb.e.62 and Or. 1102)," RdQ 28 (2016), 127-140.
- Fricker, Denis, "Review: Th. Kazen, Scripture, Interpretation, or Authority?: Motives and Arguments in Jesus’ Halakic Conflicts," RdQ 28 (2016), 141-143.
- Stadel, Christian, "Review: Edward M. Cook, Dictionary of Qumran Aramaic," RdQ 28 (2016), 144-145.
- Hornkohl, Aaron D. , "Review: Eric D. Reymond, Qumran Hebrew: An Overview of Orthography, Phonology, and Morphology," RdQ 28 (2016), 146-148.
- Tomson, Peter J., "Review: Jean-Sébastien Rey (ed.), The Dead Sea Scrolls and Pauline Literature," RdQ 28 (2016), 149-152.